Are often symmetrical – are not just straight line designs (but can contain formal curves) often design on a central axis, making good use of geometric shapes; Containing few plant species, often in opposite pairing, clipped, or distinct in shape (e.g., fastigiate, Taxus baccata “Fastigiata” Irish Yew); Neatly cut and striped lawns; Formal clipped hedges; Statuary, classical stone, balustrading, raked gravel paths; `