**State what is meant by EACH of the following types of weed and give the botanical names of TWO examples:

  • ephemeral to include Cardamine hirsuta (hairy bitter cress) and Capsella bursa- pastoris (Shepherds purse).

  • annual to include Veronica persica (Speedwell) and Poa annua (Meadow grass).

  • perennial to include Ranunculus repens (Creeping buttercup) and Aegopodium podagraria (Ground elder).

Describe how these types of weeds relate to horticultural situations, to include:

  • recently cultivated soil
  • herbaceous perennial borders
  • woody perennial plantings
  • lawns

State the botanical names of TWO weeds associated with EACH of these situations.**

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