Soil texture is defined as the relative amounts of sand, silt and clay particles present in a sample (by %). This gives a name to a soil. Soil scientists recognise 17 names or more types of mineral soil textures. However for gardeners there are 8 basic types: Sand; Loamy sand; Sandy loam; Medium loam; Silty loam; Clay; Sandy clay; Clay loam. Some use the term “the feel of the soil”.

Soil texture determines the soil potential: Workability; Field capacity (water holding); Food holding capacity (clay buffering effect); Drainage potential; Warmth and earliness of plant growth and cropping; And so its use.

Soil particles in a soil crumb