SOIL TYPE

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  • pH - acid to alkaline, measured on the pH scale. On larger gardens different areas may give differing results due to natural conditions/ importation of soil, etc:
  • Affects which plants will grow naturally in the area, or what alterations you might consider.
  • Texture – soil type by name – sandy/loam/clay – by hand testing:
  • Affects which plants will grow naturally in the area, or what alterations you might consider, and how to manage the soil.
  • Structure – especially in cultivated areas such as a vegetable garden.
  • Drainage – water moving through the soil:
  • Natural:
  • Sandy soils: fast natural movement > dry site/planting (may be improved by adding old organic matter);
  • Clay soils: slow > wetter site/planting (may be improved by digging and adding young organic matter);
  • High water table – artificial drainage system may be considered to alter the situation.